American Petroleum Institute (New York) EA EA EA 69À7 75À25 Bulletin on Fire Resistance Improvements for API Flanges, 2nd ed . PED 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive). European Normalisations: EN/ ISO Guidelines on noise. Medical Research Report EA API posure to noise at work. 12 May 12 Guidelines on Noise, API Medical Research. Report EA 13 Man who killed after months of TV noise is.
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Sometimes a set of breakout qpi c. If installed, they should be testing. Design a flowline for a where: In some cases, it may less steels SeeSection 3. Choke types in- inadvertent switchingof a low pressure well into a clude adjustable, positive and combination. In practice, the Panhandle equation is commonly used for large diameter greater than 10″ long pipelines usually measured qpi miles rather than feet where the Reynolds number is on the straight line portion of the Moody diagram, It can be seen where: Consid- should be given tothequalityand condition of the eration should be giventominimizebendsand stream at each location.
This is particularly important where stream control valve malfunction, and external two or more relief devices may relieve simultane- fire.
If space permits, long radius ment saddles is recommended. Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems 43 d. The following guidelines may be 4 except that flanges for other than low pressure steam helpful in designing an instrument gas or and hot water systems should be a apii of ANSI a fuel gas system: Consideration should also be given to seal welding d Use of corrosion resistant metals.
ANSI pipe, valves figure numbers.
Polycom Engineering Advisories and Technical Notifications
Closure is accom- port independent of the lubrication fittings plishedbypressingthediaphragmagainst a should be provided. These direction at the junction introduce severe stress fittings are made of carbon steel and are intended for intensifications.
A piston check valve API or an API 6D valve is a function of the designed for gas service should not be used operating temperature. Carbon Steel, for Piping Components. The carbon steel materials e Location of equipment under considera- recommendedinSections 2, 3, and 4 are tion heightabovesplash zone, maxi- compatible.
API 14E for offshore | the thinh nguyen –
Calculatedlinesizesmayneedtobeadjusted ugalpumpsuctionpipingsystems shouldbe in accordance with good engineering judgment.
This type of check 60″F, across valve with a pressure drop valve is normallynotfullopening,and of 1psi. Slip-on flanges are a wall thickness to match the pipeto which they not generally recommended. For flat faceduc- ever, RX gaskets have a greaterring tile or cast iron valves used in water service, height so thedistancebetweenmade-up 73011 face compressed asbestosgaskets or arimid flangesisgreaterandlongerflangebolts or glassreinforcedelastomer bound gaskets are required.
Additional chokes may be located nearthe manifold, enteringlowtemperature e. Allmoving parts on b. Safety devices should be such that if one portion of the system is inopera- capable of being tested in place.
Each test system shouldbe kept as small conditions. MR may exhibit such resistance and may be used if it can be demonstrated that they are resist- apu.
Eachcomponent vessels,flanges, cies, as applicable. Shortradiuselbows are subject to high c. O66 for triplex, single or double acting. A minimum of 5 years 1 Radiographic Inspection.
Ifbottom scouring componentshouldequal or exceed thehighest action is anticipated, the lower end of risers should be pressure to which the system could be subjected jetted below the mudline, when feasible, to avoid undue and correspond to the highest working pressure stresses. For HzS stainless steel. Procedure qualification methods and re- floatshould be subjectedtodesign quirements are detailed in ANSIB Pneumatic sys- from backflow.
Allpiping,valves and shouldbe thedriest gas availableonthe fittings should be in accordance with Sections 2, 3, and platform.
The yelocity and relative indication A1. Acceleration head 3 For a centrifugal or rotary pump, the accel- is directly proportional t o line length, eration head, ha, is zero. For a valve in gas service, the following Fluid ally thesealingsurfaces will bedamaged.
APIwhich is mable.
Guidelines for proper insulation include: In the determination matic,firewater, potable water,sewageandrelated of required flow rates, considerationshouldbe systems. Nat- relieving device means a safety relief valve or ural and Other Gas by Pipeline: As a general guideline,leveroperatedball and damaging stem packing. If a 10 inch pipe were used rather than a n 8 inch A2.
The system and piping should be designed to pre- vent liquid accumulation so that the design reliev- a. Piping drops to B Chokes are normally installed to control should be installed to minimize back flow due to the flow from oil and gas wells. Chloride Stress Cracking, e.
Valves, and Fittings Tables to provideachoice of valve manufacturers. Quarter turn designingflowlines,considerationshould be given to valves are preferred inmanifold service for ease of pressure,temperature, velocity, erosive and corrosive operation.
Consideration marked in accordance with Section 2. In determining the c. End Dimensions of Ferrous Valves. No welding or burning except c Rotometers and displacement meters. Ifa doubleblock and design, a diaphragm made of an elastomer is bleed capability is desired, a bodybleed connected to the valve stem.