Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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Desifn forms of optical customization for the wearer are also possible. A typical process begins by generating the lens surface using a three-axis, computer numerically controlled or CNC generator. Additionally, the surface that is, front or back upon which the asphericity has been applied will also make a difference:. Some feel that these perceptual differences should be minimized by employing the same base curves when the wearer obtains new eyewear.

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Where P is focal power ,ens diopters, F is the front surface power in diopters, and B is the back surface power in diopters. We will concentrate mainly on oblique astigmatism and power errorwhich are the two primary lens aberrations that must be reduced or eliminated when designing ophthalmic lenses.

As a result, rays of light refracted by the peripheral regions of the lens are focused closer to attoric lens than light rays refracted through the central, paraxial region. With two surfaces to work with, free-form progressive lenses represent a combination of factory-molded and free-form-surfaced lens curves that range in complexity from simple spherical surfaces to progressive surfaces that have been combined with the prescription curves Figure 1. Moreover, because the progressive viewing zones are brought closer to the eye, slightly wider fields-of-view may be obtained when the progressive optics lfns located on the back surface.

The sagittal plane of the lens represents the meridian of the lens that is perpendicular to the tangential plane i. Best Form Lens Design.

Retrieved from ” https: Each additional degree of customization serves to diminish the gap between the unique visual needs of each wearer and the optical design of the lens. Using free-form surfacing, a laboratory can directly surface a variety of lens designs directly onto a semi-finished lens blank in addition to the prescription curves.


Dessign smallest atoriv of curvature, rcorresponds to the greatest refractive power, sgiven by. In the absence of oblique astigmatism, a spectacle lens brings light to a focus across a curved image xesign referred to as the Petzval surface. Since the power of a lens can be produced by an almost infinite range of lens forms, why choose one base curve over another?

This aberration is a concern for optical devices that require a flat image plane, such as cameras.

Opticians Handbook – Aspheric/Atoric

The surfacing laboratory is ultimately responsible for choosing the appropriate base curve for a given prescription or focal power before surfacing the lens. This “base curve series” is a system of lens blanks that increases incrementally in surface power e. Hence, the far-point represents the ideal focal plane of the spectacle lens. This error in focus is referred to as a lens aberration. Since it is an astigmatic focusing error, this error is similar in effect to unwanted cylinder power in a prescription.

When rays of light from an object strike the lens obliquely, the principal refraction of these rays occurs through the tangential and sagittal meridians, much like the principal refraction of a sphero-cylindrical lens occurs through its principal power meridians.

Toric lens

Typically, non-standard base curves with a nominal front curve of roughly 8. Both focal power and surface power are measured in units called diopters abbreviated ‘D’. Of course, in some cases it may be desirable to use base or front curves that are actually steeper than “best form” curves. As a result, small changes to the original prescription are required at the distance and near verification points of the lens.

Traditional progressive lenses are often designed to exhibit the specified optical performance only when measured using a focimeter, such as a lensometer Figure 9. Describe the opportunities that free-form manufacturing has for future use in progressive lenses.

The dioptric difference between these two focal lines is known as the astigmatic error of the lens. Thread Tools Show Printable Version. Conic sections include the parabolathe hyperbolathe oblate ellipseand the prolate ellipse.


This term refers to the fact that the base curve has been chosen in order to correct certain aberrations. Today, aspheric surfaces are mainly used to allow lens designers to produce flatter, thinner lenses with the superior optical performance of the steeper corrected curve, or best form, lenses. Don’t feed the Beast Aspheric Lenses Archived at the Wayback Machine.

A “short-corridor” version of the design doubles the total number of lens blanks needed. We’ve just discussed the obvious mechanical and cosmetic advantages of flatter lens forms with their flatter plate heights.

The relationship between the front and back surface curves of a lens is referred to as the lens form or lens profile. For instance, “wrap” sunwear frames often necessitate highly curved and steeply tilted lenses. The use of free-form surfacing to deliver customized progressive lenses is arguably the most meaningful visual benefit of this technology to wearers.

Furthermore, the binocular utility of the lenses is maintained with more symmetrical fields of view.

Thereby attempting to either compensate for spherical abberattions or have a progressive focal length. Consequently, different manufacturers may have slightly different base curve recommendations for their lenses.

Vision and Lens Design. A reduction in plate height will also provide a significant reduction in the magnification associated with plus lenses. Light rays refracted through the paraxial region will form a sharp point focus at the desired focal point of the lens and ultimately upon the retina of the eye.

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Placing the progressive optics on the back surface of the lnes eliminates the contribution of the front surface to these magnification changes. The excess minification in the periphery of minus lenses generally produces barrel distortion, while the excess magnification of plus lenses generally produces pin-cushion distortion.