Chocolate conching is not a precisely defined process and there are still elements of skill in producing a good flavoursome chocolate with the right viscosity for. The manufacture of chocolate is done through several processing stages which require maintenance of the liquid state up to the final stage – tempering (turning. The process of conching is unique to the chocolate industry and critical to the production of fine chocolate. Yet it remains an arcane mystery to.

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Sometimes conching and refining can happen at the same time, but they do not have to and often you do not want them to.

Conching: Crucial Step in Chocolate’s Flavor and Texture?

Given that chocolate contains at least a few hundred flavor components, not all of which are known or understood well, he may have a point. Although the list is by no means conclusive, different things we have and failed to use as chocolate refiner are as follows:. Rodolphe Lindt invented the “conche” in Berne, Switzerland in Food manufacturing is no less subject to trends than is any other aspect of life.

Although the coonching of moisture remaining in the chocolate liquor is low roasting the cocoa beans drives off most of itconching may help reduce moisture content slightly.

Not stuff anyone would want in a chocolate bar. Air movement through the conche removes some moisture and volatile substances, which may give an acidic note to the flavor.


Seasonal specialties, as well, but order early; this is a small business. The name “conching” arose because the original vessel used to hold the chocolate was shaped like a conch chocolste. This means that you may not: In the January, issue of Food Processing MagazineManaging Editor John Gregerson authored an article in which he questioned what really happens during the conching process.

Finally, there are basically two thoughts on conching – low and high shear. Ziegler reported that, in a triangle taste test conducted at Penn State with a panel of twenty members of the confectionery industry, none could tell the difference between conched and unconched milk chocolate. When done properly the result is a bar which slowly and evenly releases its flavours over many minutes of controlled melting on your tongue. Originally, conches were long stone receptacles in which the chocolate mass was pounded, often with stone balls and usually for multiple days!

The importance of this cannot be overstated, as good chocolate should be perfectly smooth on the chcoolate. Melt any cocoa butter you are going to add. Once chocolate liquor is produced from the cacao nibs, more cocoa butter must be added back to it to produce couverture or other chocolate meant to be eaten as is. Though he was initially distraught at the waste of energy and machine wear and tear, he quickly realized he had made a major breakthrough.

Refining and Conching

And you will need to keep balance in mind in that desirable and undesirable compounds are driven off during conching. It is a Tough Life: With your hand and fingers, move marshmallows as necessary so they form a single layer all over the top of the brownie layer, right to the edge of the pan.


Conching redistributes the substances from the dry cocoa that create flavor into the fat phase. This transition is often why milk chocolate has that soft and silky mouth feel. Although the list is by no means conclusive, different things we have and failed to use as chocolate refiner are as follows: In a two quart, nonaluminum, heavy-bottom saucepan, combine butter slices and both chocolates.

Conche – Wikipedia

Pollard states that many of these components are harsh-tasting; once these are allowed to evaporate, the chocolate flavor choxolate more fully express itself. The Spectra melanger has a heavy motor that rotates a granite slab 10 lbs and two large heavy 7. Right now, to the best of my knowledge, the Melanger is it for small scale lbs. In the dry phase the material is in powdery form, chocolae the mixing coats the particles with fat.

During conching, the chocolate is heated to temperatures of to F, sometimes externally, sometimes just from friction.

After the first hour though, the chocolate becomes more liquid like and the whole thing generates enough heat by friction that additional heat is not really needed. The power required to turn the conche shafts increases at this step.

These are not difficult to make, but they take a little time. It will not hurt a thing.